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Embedded questions

Escrito por aureliano el .

Una "embedded question" no es otra cosa que una pregunta incluida en otra oración. La oración donde se incluye puede ser una pregunta o una frase afirmativa:
Where can I buy the paper?
Embedded question: I don't know where you can buy the paper.
 
La gran diferencia entre una pregunta normal y una 'embedded question' (literalmente, una "pregunta incrustada") está en la posición del verbo. Así, mientras en las preguntas directas se produce una inversión en el orden sujeto+verbo, en las 'embedded questions' se emplea el orden normal:

 
Who is your teacher?
Embedded question: Can you tell me who your teacher is?

Embedded questions are questions within another statement or question. They function as noun clauses and as such should generally follow statement, not question, order.

What time is it?

I know what time is it.

I know what time it is.

Where did she go?

I don't know where did she go.

I don't know where she went.

What does he do for a living?

I wonder what does he do.

I wonder what he does.

Who is she?

Can you tell me who is she?

Can you tell me who she is?

 

(question order)

(Incorrect)

(Statement order: S+ V)

(Question)

(Incorrect)

(Correct)

(Question)

(Incorrect)

(Correct)

(Question)

(Incorrect)

(Correct)

When using adjectives as complements, it is okay to use question order for embedded questions:

Who's hungry?

I wonder who is hungry.

 

(Question)

(Okay)

In some cases, depending on the focus of the sentence, question order may be used:

Who is the doctor?

I know who the doctor is.

 


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